How Do Birds Survive the Winter?

Do you ever wonder how birds can survive through the winter?   It turns out, birds have quite a few adaptations that help them survive even the chilliest days.

IMG_2506

Puffed up Black Capped Chickadee

1.  Get puffy.   When birds puff up their feathers it provides an extra layer of insulation to help keep out the cold.

IMG_0269

Ruffed Grouse soaking up the last sun of the day

2.   Sunbathe.    On really cold sunny days birds will find a sheltered spot out of the wind and sit and sun themselves, soaking up as much warmth as they can.

6785192986_53ac1c725b_o

Barred Owl sunning itself

One way to find birds is to look on the sunny side of stands of evergreens.   I have found hawks, owls, and all kinds of songbirds this way.

IMG_0732

Female Evening Grosbeak pigging out

3.   Eat!    It takes a lot of food energy for birds to keep themselves warm.   But if birds find a reliable food source, they can even put on a layer of extra fat.

IMG_5134

Ring Necked Pheasant

During particularly tough winters birds may go outside of their normal ranges to find food.

IMG_3467

Bohemian Waxwings

Having some native shrubs and vines planted around the yard will help birds that are looking for berries and fruit.

IMG_1489

Blue Jay getting ready to carry away as much food as it can.

4.   Cache food.   Some birds don’t just eat at the feeders.   They load up on food, then take it away and cache it.

IMG_1564

Nuthatches cache food too

That way if food is hard to come by, these birds can use their stores of cached food.

WGI_0087

Wild turkeys- taken with a remote trail camera

5.  Find a flock.    There are many advantages for birds when they hang out in groups.   They can find food together.  There are more eyes to look out for potential predators.

IMG_3784

Common Redpolls

Little birds will even roost together at night in a hole in a tree, or a bird house.   They snuggle together and keep each other warm until the morning.  Can you imagine finding a little roost of birds like this?   Sooo cute!

IMG_1776

No, not in here.

Perhaps they would not like to use this birdhouse, however, since there is a Screech owl inside.   Which leads us to another way that birds can survive the winter:

6.   Find a “Bird Feeder”

IMG_1095

Coopers Hawk surveys the offerings in my garden

Like it or not, busy bird feeders also become the hunting grounds for birds of prey like this Coopers Hawk, who will make visits to bird feeding areas to grab a bite to eat.   Literally.   The first thing I saw the other morning when I looked out the window was a Sharp Shinned Hawk scooping up a Junco for breakfast.

IMG_2834

It’s winter

Birds have a number of adaptations that allow them to survive even the harshest, coldest, iciest conditions.     Another reason I think they are absolutely amazing.

 

One Comment:

  1. Leslie,

    You have such a beautiful variety of birds, and those Common Redpolls are especially darling! (And I’m not just saying that because I have never met one before ;) ).

    We have had recent visits from a Sharp-Shinned Hawk, a Peregrine Falcon (both juveniles), and a Red-Tailed Hawk, on account of the birds frequenting our backyard on the West Coast this winter!

    Cheers,
    Hui

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>